What Does Eugenics Do With Darwin’s Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection?


Vincent White

Eugenics is a term that has been used to describe the selective breeding of humans to produce offspring with desirable traits. As controversial as the practice may be, it has been associated with Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection. But how exactly are the two concepts related?

According to Darwin’s theory, organisms that possess traits that are advantageous for survival and reproduction are more likely to pass on those traits to their offspring. Over time, these advantageous traits become more common in a population, while less advantageous traits become less common.

Eugenics takes this concept one step further by attempting to control which traits are passed on from generation to generation. For example, eugenicists may advocate for the sterilization of individuals who possess undesirable traits or encourage the reproduction of individuals who possess desirable traits.

While eugenics may seem like an application of Darwin’s theory, it is important to note that it goes against many of the principles that make evolution by natural selection successful. For one thing, evolution depends on genetic diversity within a population. If certain individuals or groups are systematically eliminated from breeding, genetic diversity can decrease and make a population more vulnerable to disease and other environmental pressures.

Furthermore, eugenics often relies on subjective criteria for determining which traits are desirable or undesirable. This can lead to discrimination against certain groups based on race, ethnicity, or other characteristics.

Despite these issues, eugenics has had a lasting impact on society and continues to be a topic of controversy today. It serves as a reminder that while Darwin’s theory provides us with valuable insight into how life evolves on this planet, applying it in certain ways can have significant ethical implications.

In conclusion, while eugenics may have some superficial similarities with Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection, it ultimately goes against many of the principles that make evolution successful and can lead to discrimination and decreased genetic diversity in populations.