Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on the relationship between thoughts, feelings, and behaviours. It is based on the idea that our thoughts, feelings, and behaviours are interconnected, and by changing one of these components, we can change all three. In this article, we will explore what cognitive behavioural means in psychology.
What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a form of talk therapy that helps individuals identify and change negative patterns of thinking and behaviour. CBT is based on the idea that our thoughts, feelings, and behaviours are interconnected.
Negative thoughts can lead to negative emotions and negative behaviours. Breaking this cycle by changing one’s thinking patterns can lead to more positive emotions and behaviours.
The Cognitive Component
The cognitive component of CBT focuses on identifying negative or distorted thinking patterns. This includes thoughts that are irrational or unrealistic. The therapist works with the individual to identify these thoughts and challenge them with evidence-based reasoning.
The Behavioural Component
The behavioural component of CBT focuses on changing negative or harmful behaviours that result from negative thinking patterns. The therapist works with the individual to develop strategies for replacing negative behaviours with positive ones.
How Does Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Work?
CBT typically involves weekly sessions with a trained therapist. During these sessions, the therapist works with the individual to identify negative thought patterns and develop strategies for changing them.
One common technique used in CBT is called “thought stopping.” This technique involves identifying negative thoughts as they arise and immediately stopping them by replacing them with more positive or rational thoughts.
Another technique used in CBT is called “exposure therapy.” This technique involves gradually exposing individuals to situations or stimuli that cause anxiety or fear in order to desensitize them over time.
What Can Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Help With?
CBT has been shown to be effective in treating a wide range of mental health conditions, including:
- Anxiety disorders
- Panic disorder
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Eating disorders
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on the relationship between thoughts, feelings, and behaviours. It seeks to identify negative patterns of thinking and behaviour and replace them with more positive ones.
CBT has been shown to be effective in treating a wide range of mental health conditions. If you or someone you know is struggling with a mental health condition, consider seeking out a trained therapist who specializes in CBT.