Attraction is a complex concept in social psychology that has been studied for decades. Attraction can be defined as the feeling of being drawn to someone or something, and it plays a significant role in forming relationships and social bonds. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of attraction in social psychology.

Types of Attraction

There are several types of attraction that have been identified in social psychology. These include:

Theories of Attraction

There are several theories that attempt to explain why people feel attracted to one another. These include:

Social Exchange Theory

This theory suggests that people are attracted to others who offer them rewards or benefits. In other words, people want to be with someone who makes them feel good about themselves and their lives.

Similarity-Attraction Theory

This theory suggests that people are attracted to others who share similar attitudes, beliefs, and values. People feel more comfortable around others who think like they do.

Evolutionary Theory

This theory suggests that people are attracted to others who have traits that suggest they would make good partners for reproduction and raising children. For example, men may be attracted to women who have a high waist-to-hip ratio because this suggests that they are more fertile.

Factors that Affect Attraction

There are several factors that can affect how attracted people are to one another. These include:

The Role of Attraction in Relationships

Attraction is an essential component of forming and maintaining relationships. However, it is not the only factor that contributes to relationship success. Other factors such as communication, trust, and commitment also play a crucial role.

The Initial Attraction Phase

During the initial attraction phase of a relationship, people often feel a sense of excitement and anticipation. This phase is characterized by intense feelings of attraction and infatuation.

The Maintenance Phase

As the relationship progresses into the maintenance phase, feelings of attraction may become less intense but still play an important role in keeping the relationship strong.

The Decline Phase

In some cases, relationships may enter a decline phase where feelings of attraction diminish significantly. This can occur due to various factors such as lack of communication or loss of interest in the relationship.


In conclusion, attraction is a complex concept that plays a crucial role in forming and maintaining relationships. It is influenced by factors such as physical appearance, proximity, familiarity, and similarity. Understanding the various aspects of attraction can help individuals navigate their relationships more effectively.