Game theory is a complex and fascinating field of study that has applications in a wide range of areas, from economics to politics to psychology. If you’re interested in learning more about game theory, there are a few key things you’ll need to keep in mind.


Game theory is fundamentally a mathematical discipline, so if you want to study it seriously, you’ll need to have a strong foundation in mathematics. At a minimum, you should be comfortable with algebra and calculus, and ideally, you should have some exposure to topics like probability theory and linear algebra as well.

Tip: If you’re not already comfortable with these areas of mathematics, there are plenty of resources available online that can help you brush up on your skills. Khan Academy and Coursera are two popular websites that offer free courses on these topics.


While game theory is not strictly an economic concept, it has many applications in economics, particularly in the study of strategic behavior. As such, it’s helpful to have at least a basic understanding of microeconomics and macroeconomics if you want to study game theory in depth.

Tip: There are many introductory textbooks available on microeconomics and macroeconomics that can provide a good foundation for understanding the economic principles underlying game theory. Some popular options include “Microeconomics” by Paul Krugman and Robin Wells, and “Macroeconomics” by Gregory Mankiw.

Computer Programming

Increasingly, game theory is being applied in computer science contexts such as artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML). As such, having some experience with computer programming languages like Python or Java can be helpful if you want to work on projects related to these areas.

Tip: There are many online resources available for learning programming languages like Python or Java. Codecademy and Udacity are two popular websites that offer free or low-cost courses on these topics.

Research Skills

Game theory is a field that relies heavily on research and analysis. If you want to study game theory seriously, you’ll need to develop good research skills, including the ability to gather and analyze data, conduct experiments, and write clear and concise reports.

Tip: There are many resources available to help you develop your research skills, including online courses on data analysis and statistics. Additionally, many universities offer courses in research methods and experimental design that can be helpful for students interested in game theory.

In conclusion, studying game theory requires a strong foundation in mathematics, economics, computer programming and research skills. With these tools in hand, you’ll be well-equipped to explore the fascinating world of strategic decision-making.