What Degree Do You Need for Business Psychology?


Martha Robinson

If you are interested in blending the fields of psychology and business, then pursuing a degree in business psychology can be a great choice for you. Business psychology is an interdisciplinary field that combines principles from psychology and business to help organizations improve their performance, productivity, and employee well-being.

But what degree do you need for business psychology? Let’s explore!

What is Business Psychology?

Business psychology, also known as organizational psychology or industrial-organizational (I-O) psychology, is the scientific study of human behavior in the workplace. It applies psychological theories and methods to improve various aspects of organizational performance, such as employee selection, training and development, motivation and job satisfaction, leadership and communication, team dynamics, and work-life balance.

What Degrees are Available in Business Psychology?

There are several degree options available if you want to pursue a career in business psychology. The most common ones include:

Bachelor’s Degree:

A Bachelor’s degree in psychology or business can be a good starting point for a career in business psychology. However, it may not provide sufficient depth or specificity to qualify you for advanced positions or specialized roles. Some universities offer Bachelor’s degrees specifically in business psychology or I-O psychology that cover topics such as research methods, statistics, organizational behavior, human resource management, and occupational health.

Master’s Degree:

A Master’s degree in business psychology or I-O psychology can prepare you for more advanced positions in research, consulting, or academia. It typically takes 1-2 years to complete and involves coursework on topics like advanced statistics, psychometrics, personnel assessment and selection methods, training and development programs design and evaluation.

Doctoral Degree:

A Doctoral degree (Ph.D.) in I-O Psychology is generally required if you want to work in academia or conduct research independently. It usually takes 4-6 years to complete and involves rigorous coursework, research apprenticeships with faculty members, and a dissertation that contributes original knowledge to the field. A Ph. program can also lead to higher salaries and more prestigious positions in consulting or government agencies.

What Skills Do You Need for Business Psychology?

To succeed in business psychology, you need a combination of technical and interpersonal skills. Some of the essential skills include:

  • Analytical thinking: Being able to identify patterns, trends, and relationships in data is crucial for designing effective interventions and evaluating their impact.
  • Critical reasoning: Being able to evaluate arguments, assess evidence, and draw conclusions from complex information is essential for making informed decisions.
  • Communication abilities: Being able to articulate your ideas clearly and persuasively both verbally and in writing is essential for collaborating with others.
  • Empathy: Being able to understand other people’s perspectives, needs, and emotions is critical for designing interventions that promote well-being.
  • Leadership skills: Being able to inspire, motivate, and influence others towards a common goal is crucial for managing teams or implementing change initiatives.

What Career Paths Can You Pursue with a Degree in Business Psychology?

A degree in business psychology can open up various career paths across industries such as:

  • Human resources management: As an HR manager or consultant, you can use your knowledge of business psychology to recruit top talent, design training programs that enhance employee skills, create performance appraisal systems that align with organizational objectives, develop employee engagement strategies that boost morale.
  • Management consulting: As a consultant, you can work with organizations to diagnose performance issues, identify opportunities for improvement, and design evidence-based solutions that enhance productivity, teamwork, innovation, or customer satisfaction.
  • Organizational development: As an OD specialist, you can use your skills in business psychology to facilitate change management initiatives, design interventions that improve organizational culture or climate, or conduct assessments of job satisfaction or work-life balance.
  • Academia: As a researcher or professor at a university, you can contribute to the advancement of knowledge in the field of business psychology by conducting studies on leadership, motivation, diversity and inclusion, decision-making processes.


In summary, to pursue a career in business psychology is an excellent choice if you enjoy applying psychological principles to help organizations achieve their goals. Depending on your career goals and interests, you can choose from various degree options such as Bachelor’s degree in psychology or business; Master’s degree in I-O psychology or business psychology; Doctoral degree (Ph.) in I-O Psychology.

You also need a combination of technical and interpersonal skills such as analytical thinking, communication abilities, empathy to succeed in this field. Finally, the career paths available include human resources management consulting and academia.