What Are Two Types of Evidence Used to Support the Theory of Evolution?


Martha Robinson

The theory of evolution is one of the most widely accepted scientific theories in the world. It explains how species change over time and how new species arise.

The theory is supported by a vast body of evidence from across many different scientific disciplines. In this article, we will explore two types of evidence used to support the theory of evolution.


One type of evidence used to support the theory of evolution is fossils. Fossils are the preserved remains or traces of organisms that lived long ago. They provide a window into the past and allow us to see how life has changed over millions of years.

  • Transitional Fossils: Transitional fossils are fossils that show intermediate forms between different species. For example, there are fossils that show intermediate forms between fish and amphibians, and between reptiles and birds.
  • Anatomical Similarities: Fossils also provide evidence for similarities in anatomy between different species.

    For example, the bones in the limbs of whales are very similar to those in the limbs of land mammals.

  • Absence: The absence of certain types of fossils can also provide evidence for evolution. For example, there are no rabbit fossils found in rocks older than a certain age.

Molecular Evidence

Another type of evidence used to support the theory of evolution is molecular evidence. This includes evidence from DNA, proteins, and other molecules.

  • DNA Similarities: One piece of molecular evidence for evolution is similarities in DNA sequences between different species. For example, humans share around 98% of their DNA with chimpanzees.
  • Molecular Clock: Another piece of molecular evidence is something called a molecular clock.

    This is a way of measuring the rate at which DNA or proteins change over time. By comparing the differences in DNA or protein sequences between different species, scientists can estimate how long ago they diverged from a common ancestor.

  • Pseudogenes: Pseudogenes are non-functional copies of genes that have accumulated mutations over time. They provide evidence for evolution because they are found in the same location and have the same sequence as functional genes in other species.


In conclusion, the theory of evolution is supported by a wide variety of evidence from many different scientific fields. Fossils provide evidence for how species have changed over time, while molecular evidence provides insight into how closely related different species are to each other. Together, these two types of evidence provide a compelling case for the theory of evolution and help us to better understand the history of life on Earth.