What Are the Topics of Existentialism?


Vincent White

Existentialism is a philosophical movement that emerged in the 20th century. At its core, it focuses on questions regarding existence, meaning, purpose, and freedom.

The topics of existentialism are wide-ranging and thought-provoking. In this article, we will explore some of the key topics of existentialism.

The Absurd

One of the central themes of existentialism is the concept of the absurd. The absurd refers to the conflict between our human desire for meaning and purpose in life and the fact that our existence appears to be meaningless in a larger sense. This paradox leads to feelings of anxiety, alienation, and despair.

Existentialists argue that individuals must confront this paradox head-on rather than trying to escape or ignore it. They suggest that by doing so, individuals can create their own meaning and purpose in life through personal choices and actions.


Another important topic in existentialism is authenticity. This refers to the idea that individuals must be true to themselves and their own values rather than conforming to societal norms or expectations. Authenticity requires self-awareness and a willingness to take responsibility for one’s own life.

Existentialists argue that individuals who live authentic lives are more likely to find fulfillment and happiness than those who simply follow the crowd. However, authenticity can be difficult to achieve in a world that often values conformity over individuality.


Freedom is another key topic in existentialism. Existentialists believe that individuals have complete freedom over their own lives and must take responsibility for their choices and actions. This freedom can be both liberating and terrifying at the same time.

Existentialists argue that individuals must embrace their freedom rather than seeking security or comfort at all costs. By doing so, individuals can create their own unique path in life.


Finally, death is a crucial topic in existentialism. Existentialists argue that the awareness of our own mortality is what gives our lives meaning. The fact that we will all eventually die forces us to confront the reality of our existence and make choices about how we want to live.

Existentialists suggest that individuals should not fear death, but rather embrace it as an essential part of life. By doing so, individuals can live more fully in the present moment and make the most of their time on earth.


In conclusion, existentialism explores a wide range of topics related to human existence and meaning. These topics include the absurd, authenticity, freedom, and death. By confronting these issues head-on, individuals can create their own unique path in life and find fulfillment and happiness on their own terms.