What Are the Topics for Cognitive Psychology?


Martha Robinson

Cognitive psychology is a branch of psychology that studies mental processes like attention, perception, memory, problem-solving, and language. It explores how people perceive, think, and remember information.

Cognitive psychology has various topics that researchers study to understand the human mind better. Let’s take a look at some of them.


Attention refers to the ability to focus on specific stimuli while ignoring others. This topic examines how people select relevant information from their environment and filter out irrelevant information. Researchers in this area also study the factors that influence attention, such as motivation and emotion.


Perception is the process of organizing and interpreting sensory information from our environment. This topic explores how people perceive visual, auditory, olfactory (smell), gustatory (taste), and tactile (touch) information. Researchers in this area also study illusions – misperceptions of sensory stimuli that reveal the underlying principles of perception.


Memory refers to the ability to encode, store and retrieve information over time. This topic examines different types of memory such as short-term memory (working memory) and long-term memory. Researchers in this area investigate how people remember facts and events as well as the factors that affect memory performance such as aging, stress, sleep deprivation.

Cognition and Emotion

Cognition and Emotion examines how emotions affect cognitive processes like attention, perception, memory, decision-making etc.. The field explores how cognitive processes contribute to emotional experiences like happiness or sadness.


Problem-solving refers to the process of finding solutions to difficult or complex problems. This topic explores different strategies that people use when solving problems such as trial-and-error or algorithms.


Language is a complex cognitive process that involves the use of symbols to communicate meaning. This topic explores how people learn, understand and produce language. Researchers in this area also study the relationship between language and other cognitive processes like memory and attention.


In conclusion, Cognitive psychology is a vast field of study that covers many topics related to human cognition. The above list is not exhaustive, but it gives an idea of the diversity of areas studied by cognitive psychologists. By understanding how humans perceive, think, and remember information, researchers can gain insights into how we make decisions and interact with the world around us.