Social cognitive theory is a psychological model that aims to explain how people learn from their interactions with the environment. It considers the social, cognitive, and behavioral factors that influence human behavior.

Developed by Albert Bandura, this theory has three primary factors that affect how we learn and develop as individuals. These factors are self-efficacy, observational learning, and environmental determinism.

Self-efficacy is the belief in one’s ability to perform a particular task or behavior successfully. According to social cognitive theory, high self-efficacy levels can lead to better performance outcomes.

When individuals have high self-efficacy beliefs, they are more likely to take on challenging tasks and persist in the face of obstacles. On the other hand, low self-efficacy beliefs can lead to avoidance behaviors and decreased motivation.

Observational Learning:
Observational learning refers to learning by observing others’ behavior and outcomes. This factor emphasizes the importance of modeling behavior for others to learn from.

People tend to imitate behaviors they see in others whom they admire or consider role models. Thus, it’s essential to be mindful of our actions as they can influence those around us positively or negatively.

Environmental Determinism:

Environmental determinism is the notion that our environment plays a significant role in shaping our behavior. The environment comprises physical surroundings such as objects and people within one’s immediate surroundings. The theory suggests that individuals behave differently based on their environmental context.


In conclusion, social cognitive theory identifies self-efficacy, observational learning, and environmental determinism as the primary factors that influence human behavior. By understanding these factors, we can better understand how people learn and develop. Incorporating these factors into our own lives can help us become better learners and more productive members of society.