What Are the Social Interaction Theory?

The concept of social interaction theory is a fundamental aspect of sociology and psychology. It explores how individuals interact with one another and how these interactions shape their behavior, beliefs, and attitudes. This theory emphasizes the role of social relationships in the development of an individual’s sense of self and their understanding of the world around them.

Social Interaction and Symbolic Interactionism

Social interaction theory is closely related to symbolic interactionism, a sociological perspective that focuses on the subjective meanings assigned to symbols and how these meanings influence human behavior. Symbolic interactionism suggests that individuals interpret symbols (such as language, gestures, or objects) based on shared meanings within a particular social context.

Key Concepts:

The Process of Social Interaction

Social interaction involves several key processes that shape our understanding of ourselves and others:


Socialization is the process through which individuals learn the norms, values, and behaviors of their society. It begins in childhood and continues throughout life. Through socialization, individuals acquire language skills, learn societal expectations, and develop a sense of identity.

Impression Management

Impression management refers to the conscious or subconscious efforts individuals make to control the impressions they create in social interactions. It involves presenting oneself in a way that aligns with social expectations and desired outcomes.

Strategies for impression management:

Social Exchange

Social exchange theory suggests that individuals engage in interactions with others based on a cost-benefit analysis. People seek to maximize rewards (such as companionship, support, or resources) while minimizing costs (such as time, effort, or emotional stress).

The Importance of Social Interaction Theory

Social interaction theory provides valuable insights into how individuals develop their sense of self and navigate social relationships. By understanding the processes involved in social interaction, researchers can shed light on various phenomena, such as group dynamics, interpersonal relationships, and the impact of socialization on individual behavior.

In conclusion, social interaction theory offers a framework for understanding the complexities of human interactions. It highlights the significance of social relationships in shaping our identities and influencing our behavior. By studying this theory, we can gain a deeper understanding of ourselves and others in a sociocultural context.