Social conflict theory is a sociological perspective that views society as being in a constant state of conflict between different groups with competing interests. This theory is based on the idea that individuals and groups within society have different levels of power, wealth, and resources, and that these differences create tensions that can lead to conflict.

Key Concepts of Social Conflict Theory:


One of the key concepts of social conflict theory is power. Power refers to the ability of individuals or groups to exert influence or control over others.

In a society, power is not distributed equally. Some individuals or groups may have more power than others, which can lead to conflicts.


Another important concept in social conflict theory is class. Class refers to the economic and social status of individuals within a society.

Individuals are grouped into classes based on factors such as their income level, occupation, and education level. Those in higher classes often have more power and resources than those in lower classes.


Social conflict theory suggests that inequality is a fundamental characteristic of society. Inequality refers to the unequal distribution of resources such as wealth, income, and education across different groups within a society. This can lead to tensions between different groups who have different levels of access to resources.


Exploitation is another key concept in social conflict theory. Exploitation occurs when one group uses its power to take advantage of another group for its own benefit. For example, employers may exploit their workers by paying low wages or denying them benefits.


Social conflict theory also recognizes the importance of resistance by subordinate groups against those with more power. Resistance can take many forms, including protests, strikes, and other forms of collective action aimed at challenging existing power structures.


In conclusion, social conflict theory is an important perspective in sociology that emphasizes the role of power, class, inequality, exploitation, and resistance in shaping society. By understanding these key concepts, we can better understand the dynamics of social conflict and work towards creating a more just and equitable society.