Social contract theory is a political and moral theory that explains the relationship between the state and individuals. It is based on the idea that people surrender some of their natural rights to the state in exchange for protection and security.

The theory has been around for centuries and has been discussed by philosophers such as Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. In this article, we will discuss the advantages of social contract theory.

Advantages of Social Contract Theory

1. Provides Security and Protection

One of the primary advantages of social contract theory is that it provides security and protection to individuals. According to this theory, people give up some of their natural rights to the state in exchange for protection from external threats such as crime, war, and violence. This creates a stable society where people can live peacefully without fear of harm.

2. Establishes Order

Another advantage of social contract theory is that it establishes order in society. When people agree to follow the laws and regulations set by the state, it creates a sense of order and predictability. This allows individuals to make plans and decisions with confidence, knowing that there are rules in place to govern behavior.

3. Promotes Equality

Social contract theory promotes equality by giving everyone an equal say in how society is governed. This means that each individual has an equal right to participate in government through voting or other means. It also means that everyone is subject to the same laws and regulations regardless of their social status or wealth.

4. Encourages Cooperation

By agreeing to be part of a social contract, individuals are encouraged to cooperate with one another for mutual benefit. This cooperation can lead to greater prosperity for everyone involved as resources are shared more efficiently.

5. Allows for Change

Finally, social contract theory allows for change and progress. As society evolves, the social contract can be updated to reflect new values and priorities. This means that the state can adapt to the changing needs of its citizens and continue to provide security, order, and equality.


In conclusion, social contract theory provides many advantages for individuals and society as a whole. It establishes security and protection, promotes order, encourages equality, fosters cooperation, and allows for change.

While it is not a perfect theory, it has proven to be an effective way of creating stable societies that benefit everyone involved. As such, it remains an important concept in political and moral philosophy today.