Are you considering a degree in the social sciences but can’t decide between philosophy and political science? Both fields offer unique perspectives on the world and can provide valuable skills for various careers. Let’s explore the similarities and differences between these two disciplines to help you make an informed decision.

What is Philosophy?

Philosophy is a broad field that deals with fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, and reality. It seeks to understand the world through critical thinking, logical reasoning, and careful analysis of concepts and ideas. Philosophy involves exploring different schools of thought and examining arguments from multiple perspectives.

Skills Gained in Philosophy

– Critical thinking
– Analytical reasoning
– Logical argumentation
– Clear communication
– Creative problem-solving

What is Political Science?

Political science focuses on the study of government systems, political behavior, public policies, and international relations. It aims to explain how power is distributed in societies and how decisions are made at various levels of governance. Political science draws on different methodologies such as statistical analysis, historical research, and case studies.

Skills Gained in Political Science

– Research methods
– Data analysis
– Writing skills
– Public speaking
– Understanding of global issues

Similarities Between Philosophy and Political Science

Despite their different subject matters, philosophy and political science share some commonalities:

Critical Thinking: Both fields require rigorous analysis of concepts and ideas. They train students to question assumptions, evaluate evidence, and form logical arguments.

Interdisciplinary Approach: Both fields intersect with other disciplines such as history, economics, sociology, psychology, law, and ethics. They offer a broad perspective on human affairs.

Career Opportunities: Graduates from both fields can pursue careers in academia, law, government, journalism, business, consulting, and non-profit organizations.

Differences Between Philosophy and Political Science

While both fields share some similarities, they also have distinct differences:

Subject Matter: Philosophy deals with abstract concepts such as truth, morality, consciousness, and existence. Political science focuses on concrete issues such as elections, policies, diplomacy, and conflict.

Methodology: Philosophy relies more on logical reasoning and argumentation. Political science relies more on empirical research and quantitative analysis.

Career Paths: While graduates from both fields can pursue similar careers in academia or law, philosophy majors may also find work in areas such as ethics consulting or publishing. Political science majors may find work in areas such as public administration or international relations.


Ultimately, the decision to study philosophy or political science depends on your interests, goals, and skills. If you enjoy abstract thinking and exploring different theories of reality and knowledge, philosophy may be the better choice for you.

If you are interested in how power is exercised in societies and how policies are made at different levels of governance, political science may be the better choice for you. Both fields offer valuable skills that can enhance your intellectual growth and career prospects.