If you are interested in pursuing a career in the humanities, you may be considering whether to major in Political Science or Philosophy. Both of these fields can offer a wealth of knowledge and skills that can be used to pursue a variety of careers. In this article, we will explore the differences between these two majors to help you make an informed decision.

What is Political Science?

Political Science is the study of government systems, policies, and political behavior. This field encompasses subjects such as international relations, comparative politics, American politics, public administration, and political theory. Students who major in Political Science will learn about the workings of government entities at all levels – from local to national – and will develop critical thinking skills that can be applied to solving complex problems.

What is Philosophy?

Philosophy is a discipline that studies fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, reality, and ethics. Majoring in Philosophy involves learning how to think critically about abstract concepts and ideas. Students in this field explore topics such as logic, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, and political philosophy.

How do they differ?

While both Political Science and Philosophy offer students the opportunity to develop strong critical thinking skills and knowledge of important issues facing society today, they differ in their focus areas.

Political Science tends to focus more on practical applications of government policies and systems. It often involves analyzing data and statistics to make predictions about future outcomes related to policy decisions.

Philosophy focuses more on abstract concepts and ideas related to ethics and morality. It often involves analyzing arguments presented by philosophers throughout history and attempting to formulate one’s own conclusions based on those arguments.

Job Opportunities

Salary Expectations

According to data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the median annual wage for Political Scientists was $125,350 as of May 2020. The median annual wage for Philosophers was $87,270 as of May 2020.


In summary, both Political Science and Philosophy offer valuable skills and knowledge that can be applied to a variety of careers. If you are interested in practical applications of government policies and systems, Political Science may be the right choice for you.

If you are more interested in abstract concepts related to ethics and morality, Philosophy may be the better choice. Ultimately, the decision comes down to your personal interests and career goals.