Are you interested in pursuing a degree in psychology, but wondering whether it’s a Bachelor of Arts (BA) or Bachelor of Science (BS) program? This is a common question that many students ask, and the answer may vary depending on the university or college.

What is Psychology?

Psychology is the scientific study of human behavior and mental processes. It covers a broad range of topics, including human development, perception, cognition, personality, social behavior, and abnormal psychology.

BA vs BS Degree

The primary difference between a BA and BS degree in psychology lies in their academic focus. A Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree typically emphasizes the liberal arts and humanities. It includes courses such as literature, foreign languages, philosophy, history, and social sciences.

On the other hand, a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree focuses more on scientific principles and methodology. It includes courses such as statistics, research methods, biology, chemistry, physics or math.

Course Requirements

To earn a BA degree in psychology typically requires completion of general education requirements that include courses outside the discipline. A student pursuing this program may take courses like cultural anthropology or literature to fulfill these requirements.

In contrast to BA programs’ broader course requirements, BS programs require more coursework within the major. Students pursuing this program will often take additional science courses like biology or chemistry.

Career Pathways

Both degrees can lead to similar career paths such as counseling or social work; however certain career pathways may require one over the other. For instance research positions might ask for candidates with a BS degree while human resources departments might prefer candidates with a BA degree because they have enhanced communication skills.


In conclusion both degrees have their advantages and disadvantages; choosing between them depends on personal goals for your career path. While a BA degree offers a broader perspective with an emphasis on liberal arts, the BS degree is more focused on scientific methodology. Regardless of which degree you choose, pursuing a degree in psychology is an excellent choice if you are interested in studying human behavior and mental processes.