Is Philosophy Considered a Natural Science?


Martha Robinson

Philosophy is a field that has been studied for centuries and has undergone several transformations over time. Some people view philosophy as a natural science, while others argue that it is not. In this article, we will explore the question – Is Philosophy considered a natural science?

What is Philosophy?

Philosophy is the study of fundamental questions about existence, knowledge, ethics, and reality. It encompasses various subfields such as metaphysics (the study of reality), epistemology (the study of knowledge), ethics (the study of morality), logic (the study of reasoning), and aesthetics (the study of beauty). Philosophers use critical thinking and analysis to examine these concepts, often engaging in debates and discussions to find answers.

What is Natural Science?

Natural science is the field that studies the physical world using scientific methods. It includes subjects such as physics, chemistry, biology, and geology. Natural scientists use empirical evidence to investigate natural phenomena and create theories based on their findings.

Is Philosophy considered a Natural Science?

The answer to this question is complex and depends on who you ask. Some people argue that philosophy should be considered a natural science because it uses similar methods of inquiry as natural sciences.

Philosophers use logical reasoning and analysis to make arguments based on evidence. They also attempt to explain phenomena through theories and hypotheses.

However, others argue that philosophy cannot be considered a natural science because it deals with abstract concepts rather than physical phenomena. While both fields aim to understand the world around us, they do so in different ways. Natural science relies on empirical data while philosophy relies on reason and logic.


In conclusion, whether or not philosophy can be considered a natural science is up for debate. While some argue that its methods are similar to those used in natural sciences, others argue that its focus on abstract concepts sets it apart. Regardless, philosophy remains a crucial field of study that allows us to explore fundamental questions about our existence and the world we inhabit.