Is Clinical Psychology the Same as Neuropsychology?


Jane Flores

When it comes to the field of psychology, there are many different branches and specializations. Two of the most commonly confused specialties are clinical psychology and neuropsychology. While these two fields share some similarities, they are actually quite different in terms of their focus and approach.

What is Clinical Psychology?

Clinical psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illness and emotional disorders. Clinical psychologists typically work with individuals who are experiencing a range of psychological problems, from mild anxiety or depression to severe mental illness.

Clinical psychologists use a variety of techniques to help individuals manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life. These techniques may include talk therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), medication management, and other evidence-based interventions.

What is Neuropsychology?

Neuropsychology is a specialized area of psychology that focuses on the relationship between the brain and behavior. Neuropsychologists study how various neurological conditions and injuries can affect an individual’s cognitive functioning, emotional regulation, and behavior.

Neuropsychologists use a variety of tests and assessments to evaluate an individual’s cognitive abilities. These assessments may include tests of memory, attention, language skills, problem-solving abilities, and more. They then use this information to develop Targeted treatment plans that can help individuals manage their symptoms or recover lost function.

The Differences Between Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology

While both clinical psychology and neuropsychology are concerned with mental health issues, they have different areas of focus:

  • Clinical psychology focuses on treating mental health issues such as anxiety or depression.
  • Neuropsychology focuses on understanding how brain injuries or neurological conditions affect an individual’s behavior.


Clinical psychology:

  • Assesses and diagnoses mental health issues
  • Uses talk therapy, medication management, and other interventions to treat mental health issues
  • Focuses on the individual’s thoughts, emotions, and behaviors as they relate to mental health


  • Evaluates cognitive abilities and neurological function
  • Develops Targeted treatment plans for individuals with neurological conditions or injuries
  • Focuses on the relationship between brain structure/function and behavior


While clinical psychology and neuropsychology may seem similar at first glance, they are actually quite different in terms of their focus and approach. Clinical psychology is focused on treating mental illness and emotional disorders, while neuropsychology is concerned with understanding how the brain affects behavior. Both fields are essential for addressing the complex issues surrounding mental health and neurological function.