When it comes to studying psychology, one question that often arises is whether it is a science or a social science. The answer to this question can be a bit tricky as psychology encompasses aspects of both science and social science. Let’s explore this topic in more depth.

What is Science?

Science is a systematic and logical approach to discovering how things work in the natural world. It involves using empirical evidence, experimentation, and observation to develop theories and explanations for phenomena.

What is Social Science?

Social science, on the other hand, focuses on human behavior and society. It includes disciplines such as sociology, anthropology, political science, economics, and psychology. Social scientists use research methods such as surveys, interviews, and experiments to study human behavior.

Is Psychology a Science?

Psychology is often classified as both a science and a social science because it draws from both fields. On one hand, psychology uses scientific methods such as experimentation and observation to study behavior and mental processes. Psychologists use these methods to develop theories about why people behave in certain ways or have certain thoughts or emotions.

On the other hand, psychology also incorporates aspects of social science by examining the impact of society on individuals. For example, psychologists may study how cultural norms influence behavior or how socioeconomic status affects mental health.

The Debate

Despite the fact that psychology incorporates elements of both science and social science, there is still debate over where it falls on the spectrum. Some argue that because psychology relies heavily on subjective experiences (such as thoughts and emotions) rather than objective data (such as chemical reactions), it cannot be considered a true science.

Others argue that even though psychology deals with subjective experiences, empirical evidence can still be gathered through observation and experimentation. Psychologists can measure things like brain activity or hormone levels to support their theories about behavior.

The Bottom Line

In the end, whether psychology is considered a science or a social science may depend on who you ask. However, one thing is clear: psychology draws from both fields and uses a variety of research methods to study behavior and mental processes.


In summary, psychology can be classified as both a science and a social science due to its interdisciplinary nature. While there may be debate over where it falls on the spectrum, there is no doubt that psychology plays an important role in understanding human behavior and mental processes.