How Is Existentialism Shown in Waiting for Godot?


Jane Flores

Waiting for Godot, a play written by Samuel Beckett, is widely regarded as one of the most significant works of literature in the 20th century. The play follows two characters, Vladimir and Estragon, as they wait for someone named Godot who never arrives.

It is a classic example of existentialism, a philosophical movement that emphasizes individual freedom and choice. In this article, we will explore how existentialism is shown in Waiting for Godot.

The Absurdity of Existence

One of the central themes of Waiting for Godot is the absurdity of existence. The play presents a world that is devoid of meaning or purpose, where characters are trapped in an endless cycle of waiting and uncertainty. This sense of meaninglessness is reflected in the dialogue between Vladimir and Estragon.

Vladimir: “Nothing happens, nobody comes, nobody goes, it’s awful!”

This quote encapsulates the sense of despair felt by the characters as they wait for something that never comes. It highlights how futile their existence is and how they are unable to find any meaning or purpose in their lives.

Freedom and Choice

Existentialism emphasizes individual freedom and choice, which is also reflected in Waiting for Godot. Despite being trapped in their meaningless existence, Vladimir and Estragon still have agency over their lives. They can choose to wait for Godot or leave at any time.

Estragon: “Let’s go.”

Vladimir: “We can’t.”

Estragon: “Why not?”

Vladimir: “We’re waiting for Godot.”

This conversation highlights how even though they have the freedom to leave, they are still bound by their desire to wait for Godot. It shows how individuals can be both free and constrained at the same time.

The Search for Meaning

Another key aspect of existentialism is the search for meaning in an otherwise meaningless world. Vladimir and Estragon are constantly searching for some form of meaning or purpose, but they never find it.

Vladimir: “We always find something, eh Didi, to give us the impression we exist?”

This quote sums up the characters’ search for meaning and how they are constantly looking for something to make them feel alive. However, they never find what they are looking for, highlighting the futility of their existence.


In conclusion, Waiting for Godot is a masterful example of how existentialism can be portrayed through literature. It highlights the absurdity of existence, emphasizes individual freedom and choice, and explores the search for meaning in an otherwise meaningless world. Through its use of language and imagery, the play captures the essence of existentialism and its impact on human existence.