Cognitive psychology and behaviorism psychology are two well-known branches of psychology that have different approaches to studying human behavior. While both aim to understand the complexities of human behavior, they differ in their underlying assumptions and methods. In this article, we will explore the differences between cognitive and behaviorism psychology.
Behaviorism psychology is a school of thought that emerged in the early 20th century. It is primarily concerned with observable behaviors rather than internal mental processes such as thoughts, emotions, and perceptions. According to behaviorists, all behaviors are learned through conditioning or reinforcement.
One of the key figures in behaviorism psychology was B.F. Skinner who developed the concept of operant conditioning. He believed that behaviors could be shaped through reinforcement or punishment. For instance, if a person receives positive reinforcement for performing a certain action, they are more likely to repeat that behavior in the future.
Assumptions of Behaviorism Psychology:
- All behaviors are learned through conditioning
- The environment plays a significant role in shaping behavior
- Internal mental processes are not important in understanding behavior
Cognitive psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on studying mental processes such as perception, attention, memory, language, and problem-solving. Unlike behaviorism psychology, cognitive psychologists believe that internal mental processes play an essential role in shaping human behavior.
Cognitive psychologists use experiments and scientific methods to understand how people process information and make decisions. They also study how people learn new information and how they store it for later use.
Assumptions of Cognitive Psychology:
- Internal mental processes play a crucial role in shaping human behavior
- The mind can be studied scientifically using experiments and other methods
- People actively process information and make decisions
Differences Between Behaviorism and Cognitive Psychology:
- Focus: Behaviorism psychology focuses on observable behaviors, while cognitive psychology focuses on internal mental processes.
- Methods: Behaviorism psychology uses experiments and observation to study behavior, while cognitive psychology uses experiments and scientific methods to study mental processes.
- Assumptions: Behaviorism psychology assumes that all behaviors are learned through conditioning, while cognitive psychology assumes that people actively process information and make decisions.
- Treatment: Behaviorism psychology uses techniques such as reinforcement and punishment to modify behavior, while cognitive psychology uses techniques such as cognitive-behavioral therapy to modify thought patterns that can lead to behavioral changes.
In conclusion, both behaviorism and cognitive psychology have contributed significantly to the study of human behavior. While behaviorism psychology focuses on observable behaviors and how they are learned, cognitive psychology focuses on internal mental processes such as perception, attention, memory, language, and problem-solving. Understanding the differences between these two schools of thought is crucial for anyone interested in studying human behavior or seeking treatment for behavioral issues.