How Is a Game of Peek-a-Boo Stimulating to an Infant Use Piaget’s Theory?


Diego Sanchez

Peek-a-boo is a classic game that parents play with their infants. It involves hiding and revealing one’s face or body, and it never seems to get old for babies.

Have you ever wondered why peek-a-boo is so fascinating to infants? In this article, we will explore how a game of peek-a-boo stimulates an infant’s cognitive development using Piaget’s theory.

What is Piaget’s Theory?

Jean Piaget was a Swiss psychologist who developed the cognitive development theory. According to Piaget, children develop their understanding of the world around them through four stages of cognitive development: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational stages.

The sensorimotor stage is the first stage in this theory, which lasts from birth until the child is about two years old. During this stage, infants learn through their senses and actions. They develop object permanence, which is the understanding that objects exist even when they are not seen or heard.

How Does Peek-a-Boo Help Stimulate an Infant’s Cognitive Development?

Peek-a-boo can help stimulate an infant’s cognitive development in several ways.

Object Permanence: Infants enjoy playing peek-a-boo because it helps them understand object permanence better. When parents hide their face behind their hands or a blanket and then reveal themselves again by saying ‘peek-a-boo,’ it teaches infants that objects can disappear but still exist.

Social Interaction: Peek-a-boo also helps infants develop social skills by teaching them about turn-taking and communication. Infants learn to take turns with their parents while playing the game and communicating through non-verbal cues like laughter or facial expressions.

Cause and Effect: Peek-a-boo also helps infants understand cause and effect relationships. By hiding and revealing themselves during the game, infants learn that their actions can cause a reaction, in this case, their parents reappearing.


In conclusion, Peek-a-boo might seem like a simple game, but it can have significant benefits for an infant’s cognitive development. It teaches infants about object permanence, social interaction and communication skills, and cause and effect relationships. By incorporating peek-a-boo into playtime with infants, parents can help stimulate their cognitive development using Piaget’s theory.