Social Bond theory is a widely accepted theory in criminology that explains the root cause of criminal behavior. This theory suggests that the strength of an individual’s social bond to society plays a crucial role in preventing them from engaging in criminal activities.

According to this theory, there are four elements that make up an individual’s social bond to society. These four elements include attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief.

Attachment: Attachment refers to the emotional connections an individual has with their family, friends, and other members of their community. Strong attachment helps individuals develop a sense of responsibility towards their loved ones and society as a whole. The fear of losing these emotional connections acts as a deterrent to criminal behavior.

Commitment: Commitment refers to the investment an individual has made in their education or career. When individuals have invested time and effort in achieving their goals, they are less likely to engage in criminal activities that could jeopardize their future.

Involvement: Involvement refers to the level of participation an individual has in activities such as sports or other extracurricular activities. When individuals are involved in positive activities, they are less likely to engage in negative behaviors such as crime.

Belief: Belief refers to an individual’s moral beliefs and values. When individuals have strong moral beliefs and values, they are less likely to engage in criminal activities because it goes against their personal beliefs.

When these four elements are combined, they create a strong social bond between the individual and society. This bond acts as a deterrent for engaging in criminal activity because individuals do not want to risk losing the positive connections they have with society.

On the other hand, when an individual lacks these elements or has weak social bonds with society, they are more likely to engage in criminal behavior because they do not feel responsible towards society or fear any consequences for their actions.

In conclusion, the social bond theory explains crime by highlighting the importance of an individual’s connection to society. A strong social bond acts as a deterrent for criminal behavior, while a weak bond increases the likelihood of criminal activity. By understanding this theory, society can take measures to strengthen social bonds and prevent crime.