Music and Math are two different subjects that are often perceived as being poles apart. One is an art form, while the other is a science. However, there is a strong connection between music theory and math that many people tend to overlook.

Music theory is the study of how music works, including the elements and principles of music such as melody, harmony, rhythm, and notation. On the other hand, Math is the study of numbers, calculations, shapes, and patterns.

At first glance, these two subjects seem unrelated. But when you look at it closely, you will notice that they share many similarities.

Mathematics in Music Theory

Music theory involves a lot of mathematical concepts such as fractions, ratios, and proportions. For instance, intervals in music are measured in ratios.

The ratio between two frequencies determines the interval between them. For example: if one frequency has a ratio of 3:2 to another frequency then it’s called a perfect fifth.

Another example is rhythm in music which can be understood as a series of fractions adding up to one whole measure. The time signature used in sheet music indicates how many beats there are per measure and what kind of note gets one beat (i.e., quarter note or half note). And when you count the notes in each measure to determine how long it lasts or how fast it goes- that’s math!

The Golden Ratio

The Golden Ratio is a mathematical concept that has been used throughout history by artists and architects to create aesthetically pleasing designs. Interestingly enough, this same concept has also been found in music!

The Golden Ratio can be found in the lengths of musical sections such as verses and choruses. If we take the length of the verse as 1 unit then the length of chorus can be expressed using this ratio i., 1:1.618 (Golden Ratio). This creates a balanced structure that is pleasing to the ear, just like it is pleasing to the eye.

Music as a Tool for Teaching Math

Music can be a great tool for teaching math concepts to students. By teaching music theory, students can learn fractions, ratios, and proportions in a fun and engaging way. For instance, when students learn how to read sheet music, they are essentially learning how to read fractions!

Moreover, music has been found to improve math skills in students. A study conducted by researchers at the University of California found that children who received music lessons scored higher on math tests compared to those who did not receive any such lessons.


In conclusion, Music and Math are two subjects that are closely related. Music theory involves many mathematical concepts such as fractions, ratios, and proportions.

The Golden Ratio can be found in various aspects of music such as song structures and chord progressions. And finally, music can be used as a tool for teaching math concepts to students.

So next time you’re listening to your favorite song or playing an instrument remember that there’s more than just melody and rhythm involved- there’s also math!