If you are an aspiring musician, learning music theory is crucial to your success. Music theory provides a framework for understanding the structure and organization of music.

It also helps you to communicate with other musicians and understand the music you are playing or listening to. But how do you learn music theory? In this article, we will explore some tips and resources to get started.

1. Start with the Basics

Before diving into complex music theory concepts, it’s important to start with the basics.

Begin by learning about notes, scales, and chords. These are the building blocks of music theory and will help you understand more advanced concepts later on.


Notes are the foundation of all music. They represent a specific pitch and duration.

There are 12 different notes in Western music – A, A#, B, C, C#, D, D#, E, F, F#, G, G#. Learning how to read and write notes is essential for any musician.


Scales are a series of notes played in a specific order. They create a specific sound or mood in music. The most common scales in Western music are major and minor scales.


Chords are groups of three or more notes played together. They provide harmony and support for melody in a song. Understanding chords is important for both songwriting and improvisation.

2. Use Online Resources

The internet is full of resources for learning music theory. There are countless websites that offer free lessons on everything from basic notation to advanced chord progressions.


Musictheory.net is one of the best online resources for learning music theory. It offers free lessons on everything from note reading to advanced harmony. The site also includes interactive exercises that allow you to practice what you’ve learned.


Coursera offers a variety of online courses in music theory. Many of these courses are taught by professors from top universities and are completely free. They cover a wide range of topics, including music notation, harmony, and composition.

3. Take Private Lessons

While online resources are a great way to get started with music theory, there is no substitute for personalized instruction. Private lessons with a qualified music teacher can help you progress faster and address your specific needs and goals.

Find a Local Music Teacher

Check with local music schools or ask other musicians for recommendations on private teachers in your area. A good teacher can help you develop your skills and build confidence in your abilities.

Online Music Lessons

If you can’t find a local teacher or prefer the convenience of online lessons, there are many options available. Websites like Lessonface and TakeLessons offer private, one-on-one lessons with qualified teachers from around the world.

Learning music theory takes time and practice, but it’s an essential part of becoming a successful musician. With these tips and resources, you can get started on your journey towards understanding the language of music.