How Are Nursing Philosophy Philosophy and Science Related?


Jane Flores

Nursing Philosophy and Science: How They Are Related

The Relationship between Nursing Philosophy and Science

Nursing is a multidimensional profession that involves the provision of care, education, research, and practice. It is one of the few professions that combine both philosophy and science in their practice.

Nursing philosophy and science are two distinct fields, but they are closely related to each other.

Nursing Philosophy:

Nursing philosophy is the study of nursing’s fundamental beliefs, values, and principles that guide nurses’ actions in providing care to patients. It is a discipline that examines the nature of nursing as a profession, its goals, and its relationships with other healthcare professionals.

Nursing philosophy helps nurses to:

  • Understand the meaning and purpose of nursing
  • Identify ethical principles that guide their practice
  • Develop a patient-centered approach in their care
  • Promote health equity and social justice
  • Recognize the importance of continued learning and professional growth.

Nursing Science:

Nursing science is an evidence-based discipline that focuses on discovering new knowledge through research to improve patient outcomes. It involves the use of theories, models, frameworks, and concepts to understand the complex nature of human health across different populations.

Nursing science helps nurses to:

  • Identify best practices in healthcare delivery
  • Evaluate interventions for their effectiveness in improving patient outcomes
  • Enhance clinical decision-making skills based on current evidence
  • Incorporate technology and innovation in their practice
  • Contribute to the development of new knowledge in nursing.

The Integration of Nursing Philosophy and Science

Nursing philosophy and science are not mutually exclusive but rather complementary. They both play a crucial role in shaping nursing practice, education, and research.

The integration of nursing philosophy and science:

  • Guides nurses to provide holistic care that addresses patients’ physical, emotional, social, and spiritual needs
  • Ensures that nursing practice is evidence-based, patient-centered, and culturally sensitive
  • Facilitates the development of innovative approaches to healthcare delivery
  • Promotes a culture of inquiry that encourages nurses to seek new knowledge through research
  • Fosters the growth of the nursing profession by advocating for policy changes that promote health equity and social justice.

In Conclusion

Nursing philosophy and science are integral components of the nursing profession. They guide nurses’ actions in providing care to patients, inform best practices in healthcare delivery, and contribute to the development of new knowledge. By integrating these two fields, nurses can provide high-quality care that is evidence-based, patient-centered, and culturally sensitive.